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WC-OSH 209 Alcohol and Other Drugs
Custodian
Snr OSH Consultant Workers Compensation & Health Version Date
Accountabilities Framework
Level 1 – Manage Occupational Safety & Health Level 2 – Manage Hazards & OSH Incidents Next Review Date
30 Jul 2017
This Procedure provides information on the processes for testing and managing Alcohol and Other Drugs. This Procedure and these processes are applicable to all Water Corporation operational sites and business units. PRINT DATE: 21 OCTOBER 2015 WARNING: DOCUMENT UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED


WC-OSH 209 Alcohol and Other Drugs
This procedure applies to all personnel on Water Corporation operational sites and within Water Corporation business units. Personnel included are: employees and contractors (including agency contractors, apprentices, work experience students and university students, consultancy contracts, sole trader contracts) Perth Region Alliance, Aroona, IBM and Kinetic IT staff working within a Water Corporation controlled site; minor works and services contracts outside of the capital works program and visitors servicing contracts. This procedure does not apply to capital works program sites where a contractor has possession of the site. The contractor shall be responsible for conducting drug and alcohol testing and is required to address alcohol and other drugs within their safety management plan according to the conditions of contract. The only exception to this is when Engineering and Construction Services Branch have possession of site, employees and contractors on these sites are included in the scope of this procedure. External personnel working on leased sites do not fall within the scope of this procedure. Accompanied visitors conducting non-paid work shall not be subject to testing under this procedure. High Level Responsibilities
Responsible Person
All Personnel
All positive drug and alcohol tests shall be held confidential by the parties notified and the notifying parties. Any notification outside of these parties will be considered to be a breach of the Code of Conduct and may be subject to disciplinary action up to and including termination. All personnel
All personnel shall not present to work, continue to work or drive a Water Corporation vehicle when under the influence of alcohol or drugs of abuse. This includes the requirement for personnel on standby to not be under the influence of alcohol or drugs of abuse; and to be aware of the implications of drug or alcohol consumption during any period in which they are rostered on stand-by or when they are called out. All personnel
Any person present at a Water Corporation workplace shall not use, buy, sell or be in the possession of drugs of abuse or banned substances. These actions shall result in disciplinary action which may include termination of employment. All personnel - Vehicles
Driving a Water Corporation vehicle to and from work is classified as being in the workplace. Water Corporation employees with vehicles supplied for limited ‘personal' use are able to drive their vehicle out of working hours at the legal limit set for blood alcohol level (0.05), at all other times and for vehicles supplied for business use the blood alcohol level is set at 0.00 (tolerance to 0.02). All personnel - Alcohol
Alcohol shall not be consumed during a work shift (including unpaid breaks) and the consumption of alcohol at a Water Corporation workplace is to be controlled in accordance with the principles contained within PCY 228 Competent
Shall maintain confidentiality of all employees tested. The competent breathalyser operator Breathalyser Operator
can also be an employee's Delegated Manager. Delegated Manager
Appointed by the Branch or Regional Manager to notify the employee of positive alcohol and other drugs test results. Shall also manage the Employee Management Plan (if developed). Facilitate all forms of testing and disciplinary actions under WC OSH 209 and maintain confidentiality of results and actions under employee management plan. Responsible for communicating, consulting and implementing breathalyser testing for operational group. Line Manager
Shall gain approvals and initiate For Cause testing, has the responsibility for referee check for internal recruitment. Shall manage employee voluntary notification. Line Managers and Site
Shall provide full and immediate cooperation in ceasing work and assembling all personnel Contacts
site for random testing, with proof of identification. Failure to cooperate or assisting personnel in evading random testing shall result in disciplinary action. Use the collections factsheet provided by the collections contractor to ensure efficient collections PRINT DATE: 21 OCTOBER 2015 WARNING: DOCUMENT UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED


WC-OSH 209 Alcohol and Other Drugs
Responsible Person
Senior Human
Shall provide support for Managers in facilitating WC-OSH 209, including any disciplinary Resources Advisors
action; maintain confidentiality of results, reports and actions under employee management and Human Resources
plan. Shall provide documentation to the Manager prior to the employee leaving site. Shall notify payroll of employee's leave without pay status. Shall maintain confidentiality in administration of personnel file, recruitment and payroll records. Snr OSH Consultant
Shall maintain data for random generation; generate testing cycles and maintain confidential Workers Compensation
testing records. Records of quarterly random generation and random testing lists are to be & Health (or delegate)
kept to demonstrate process is impartial and nonbiased. Shall notify parties of positive tests. Shall provide interpretation and guidance on test results to Line Managers, Delegated Managers, Senior HR Advisors and Recruitment. Shall notify managers of PPRT occurrence for all individuals on an Employee Management Plan. Shall review WC OSH 209 Alcohol and other Drugs and all associated documents annually. Regional/Branch Lead
Responsible for providing up to date information (on request) to the Snr OSH Consultant Workers Compensation and Health on employee and projected contractor numbers, site contacts and other information to facilitate random testing. Participation in Testing and Voluntary Notification
Responsible person
All personnel - testing
All personnel are subject to the following testing for alcohol and other drugs while on Water Corporation operational sites: Testing for other drugs at pre-employment (refer to Section for pre-employment requirements for all personnel); For cause testing for alcohol and other drugs; Random testing for alcohol and other drugs; and Post-positive random testing for alcohol and other drugs. The need for and frequency of any additional breathalyser testing is to be at the Group Manager's discretion. All personnel
Participation in one form of testing does not exclude participation in other testing for alcohol and other drugs. All personnel
Shall not attempt to tamper with or falsify an alcohol or drug sample. Attempts to tamper or falsify samples shall lead to formal disciplinary action which may include termination of employment. All personnel
Prior to providing a saliva or urine sample the individual shall disclose any medication use to the testing provider. The onus is on the individual to declare medication use at the time of providing a saliva or urine sample to the testing provider. Medication use is not able to be retrospectively declared. All personnel Non -
An individual shall be deemed to have breached this procedure and returned a positive test Participation in Testing
result due to non-participation in the following circumstances: Refusal to undergo For Cause, random, breathalyser testing, weekly decline testing for Cannabis, or post positive random testing; this includes not attending weekly decline testing or post positive random testing on the day of notification. Refusal to comply with the chain of custody process when providing a sample, this includes refusal to provide a sample, name, date of birth, photo ID or sign the chain of custody form, labels or tamper evident seals. After attending work any individual who absents themselves from the workplace prior to participation in any form of alcohol and drug testing taking place, without the express, written consent of their Line Manager. Where an individual fails to present for testing without notifying the relevant Manager of the need to take Personal Leave. Medical certification is required to substantiate the PRINT DATE: 21 OCTOBER 2015 WARNING: DOCUMENT UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED


WC-OSH 209 Alcohol and Other Drugs
Responsible person
need to take Personal Leave. Where an individual fails to present for testing without being on approved Annual Leave or Rostered Days Off previously approved by the relevant Manager. Failure to provide a urine sample on the same day or a sample that can be analysed where unable to produce a saliva sample as part of random testing. Failure to provide a urine sample or attend for a drug and alcohol assessment as part of the return to work process (results to be received within 5 working days), unless extenuating circumstances are demonstrated. Failure to participate in drug and alcohol testing while visiting an internal/external site as part of their contract of employment. Failure to return to site if within reasonable traveling distance and participate in random testing when requested by site contact/line manager. If any of the above occurs the individual may be invited to a disciplinary meeting. Refer Section 6 Notification of Positive Test Results and Disputed Results for next steps. All personnel – saliva
Inability to produce a saliva sample will require the provision of a urine sample at a Pathwest collection center. Refer to the OSH WaterNet page for further details. Employees – Voluntary
Where an employee voluntarily notifies the Water Corporation of a drug and/or alcohol related problem, the following shall occur: Shall be provided with confidential assistance from the Line Manager (with support from the Snr HR Advisor). The Employee shall undergo For Cause testing. As per Section For Cause Testing, the employee is to be stood down without the loss of pay for ordinaryest results are immediate; please refer to Section 6 Notification of Positive Test Results and Disputed Results. The Employee shall be required to participate in a drug and alcohol assessment. For the employee to return to work they shall ing for a two year period, regardless of the results of the For Cause testing. Please refer to Section 7 Employee Management Plan and Post Positive Random Testing (PPRT) for further information. An Employee shall receive a first breach of the procedure for any positive test results, including the results of For Cause testing at the time of voluntary notification. Voluntary notification does not exclude the employee from undergoing any form of alcohol and drug testing during the course of their employment. PRINT DATE: 21 OCTOBER 2015 WARNING: DOCUMENT UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED


WC-OSH 209 Alcohol and Other Drugs
For Cause Testing
5.1 Serious Safety Incident (SSI)
Responsible Person
Line Manager
Shall initiate For Cause testing if a SSI has occurred in which altered work performance or behaviour can reasonably be contributed to the use of alcohol or other drugs. No approval is required. 5.2 Other For Cause Testing
Responsible Person
Line Manager
Shall initiate For Cause testing if there is evidence of altered work performance or behaviour or demeanour or there are reasonable grounds to conclude that the employee is using or is in possession of drugs of abuse in the workplace. Within normal working hours, Line Managers should attempt to get approval to conduct For Cause testing. If this is not practicable, testing can without approval. Outside of normal working hours, For Cause testing can proceed without approval. Approval can be granted by the Branch Manager/Regional Manager. Shall document reasons for testing and outcome in 5.3 Initiating For Cause Testing
Responsible Person
Line Manager
Instruct the individual to immediately cease work, advise of the grounds for ceasing work and that a For Cause test is required (both a breathalyser test for alcohol and urine for other drugs). If the individual refuses to cooperate with For Cause testing, the Line Manager shall advise that refusal to participate is considered to be a positive test and the consequences of a positive test. Refer Section Breathalyser testing for alcohol estimation shall be performed by a Water Corporation competent breathalyser operator as per the protocol outlined in (Breathalyser Operation – Alcolyzer HH1). For a list of qualified operators please refer to OSH WaterNet page – Random Drug and Alcohol Testing. If the individual disputes the result the Line Manager is able to offer a blood test if there is a PathWest facility within 30 minutes. Disputing the result will not delay participation in any of the processes outlined in this procedure, including disciplinary processes and periods of unpaid leave. For the locations of Pathwest laboratories please refer to OSH WaterNet page – Random Drug and Alcohol Testing. Refer to OSH WaterNet page Random Drug and Alcohol Testing for Blood Alcohol Level Test request form (. Transport the individual and provide form to Pathwest. If there is no PathWest facility the breathalyser result is final. If the breathalyser result is over 0.02 the individual is considered to have a positive result. Refer to Section 6 Send evidence record and results to Senior OSH Consultant Workers Compensation & Health. To complete the drugs of abuse screen (required in addition to alcohol testing), transport the individual to the nearest PathWest pathology facility. For the locations of Pathwest laboratories please refer to OSH WaterNet page – Random Drug and Alcohol Testing. Provide the individual with a copy of Appendix C, Alcohol and Other Drugs – Blood Alcohol Level Test Request Form with the code WC2. Refer to OSH WaterNet page – Random Drug and Alcohol Testing. Remote areas without access to PathWest are able to use the local medical service, who will then forward the sample to Pathwest. The collection must be taken using the protocol in to be valid. Prior to providing a urine sample the individual is given the opportunity to disclose any medication use. See Appendix E for a list of common medications that may result in a PRINT DATE: 21 OCTOBER 2015 WARNING: DOCUMENT UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED


WC-OSH 209 Alcohol and Other Drugs
Responsible Person
positive urine screening test. Medication cannot be retrospectively declared. Make suitable arrangements to ensure the individual gets home safely following testing; discourage them from driving their own vehicle and prohibit the use of a Water Corporation vehicle. The individual is to be stood down without the loss of pay for ordinary hours until the outcome of drug testing is known, unless the individual has sustained a positive alcohol test. If a confirmatory test returns a negative result, the individual is notified immediately by the Line Manager and permitted to resume work. If a confirmatory test returns a positive test result refer to Section 6 Notification of Positive Test Results and Disputed Results. Notification of Positive Test Results and Disputed Results
Responsible Person
Snr OSH Consultant
Responsible for ensuring that all confirmed positive drug tests are congruent with Workers Compensation
declared medication use prior to advising further of a confirmed positive drug test. This & Health (or delegate)
may require medical evidence from the individual's medical practitioner of prescription use of drugs for any declared medication. All personnel
If the individual declares medication at the time of participating in testing and then receives a confirmed positive test result, the individual has a 24 hour period to provide medical evidence from their medical practitioner of prescription use of drugs for any declared medication. This evidence will be required for each confirmed positive drug test to ensure ongoing prescription drug use is legitimate. Medication cannot be declared retrospectively. Line Managers, Team
Alcohol test results via breathalyser are immediate. If there is a positive alcohol result the Leaders and Site
individual is not to return to work. Contacts
If the individual disputes the result the Line Manager is able to offer a blood test if there is a PathWest facility within 30 minutes. Disputing the result will not delay participation in any of the processes outlined in this procedure, including disciplinary processes and periods of unpaid leave. For the locations of Pathwest laboratories please refer to OSH WaterNet page – Random Drug and Alcohol Testing. Refer the Alcohol and Other Drugs – Blood Alcohol Level Test Request Form (Appendix C). Trans If there is no PathWest facility the breathalyser result is final. If the breathalyser result is over 0.02 the individual is considered to have a positive result (refer Appendix D). The site contact is to contact the Snr OSH Consultant Workers Compenealth for assistance with managing positive alcohol tests. Senior OSH Consultant
Shall notify the following parties of a confirmed positive drug or alcohol test: Workers Compensation
and Health (or delegate)

Regional Manager OR Branch Manager OR Contract Manager OR Alliance Manager, HR Representatives (first point of contact Senior HR Advisors) Any positive random drug test result will be advised to the above parties within a five (5) day working period (Monday – Friday) after the date of testing or as soon as reasonably practicable. Positive results during decline testing for Cannabis will be notified on receipt of laboratory confirmation of re-use. Note that this timeframe will not be within five (5) working days and will be dependent on laboratory analysis. Senior OSH Consultant
Shall make a referral to the Corporation's Employee Assistance Provider for a Drug & Workers Compensation
Alcohol Assessment at the time of notification for Employees only. Nominate self as and Health
PRINT DATE: 21 OCTOBER 2015 WARNING: DOCUMENT UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED


WC-OSH 209 Alcohol and Other Drugs
Responsible Person
Senior OSH Consultant
All positive test results will be provided to the individual via their Manager/Contract Workers Compensation
Manager and/or HR Representative. and Health (or delegate)
Any requests for copies of drug test results will also be provided via these parties. All personnel
In the event of a drug test result being challenged, the referee specimen shall be made available for testing by a laboratory accredited for confirmatory testing and all records of the original test shall be made available for re-examination. Water Corporation reserves the right to send the referee sample to a laboratory that has a replicate analysis method of the laboratory facility currently utilised by Water Corporation and NATA accreditation for the analysis methods required (at Water Corporation's expense). Due to possible degradation of a specimen over time requests for independent analysis of a saliva sample are to occur within one week of the individual being advised of a confirmed positive drug test and need only detect the presence of the drug or metabolite. Seeking confirmatory testing will not delay participation in any of the processes outlined in this procedure, including disciplinary processes and periods of unpaid leave. To initiate testing of the referee sample the individual is required to present a signed letter stating their name, date of birth, that they wish to challenge the result, that they give permission for the referee sample to be opened and analysed by a laboratory selected by Water Corporation; and that they understand only detection of the presence of the drug is required for the initial confirmed positive result to be upheld. 6.1 Positive Test – Contractor personnel
Please note this refers to Contractor personnel working on Water Corporation operational sites as defined in Section , This does not apply to contractors in the capital works program who have possession of site. The only exception to this is when Engineering and Construction Services Branch have possession of site, employees and contractors on these sites are included in the scope of this procedure. Responsible Person
Notify Contractor's employing entity of the positive result and that the Contractor is Senior OSH Consultant
not to return to any Water Corporation site until further notice. Workers Compensation
Notify HSE OSH Superintendent Contractor Pre Qual of the positive result. and Health
Notify applicable Branch Manager, Regional Manager or Alliance Manager of the positive result. Notify the contractor of the positive result. Site Contact or Contract
The Contractor is to leave site and engage in their employer's drug and alcohol procedure/policy. Make arrangements for the Contractor to get home – they are unable to drive a Water Corporation vehicle and are to be discouraged from driving their own vehicle. Recover security passes and keys. If the contractor has remote IT access and systems level accounts these are to be locked on an individual leaving site. Recover the Contractor's Water Corporation HSE Induction Card. Branch Manager or
Determine if the Contractor will be directed to not employ that person again on site. Regional Manager or
The Corporation reserves the right to deem a contractor an unsuitable person under Alliance Manager
the General Conditions of Contract, due to having failed to comply with the Principal's Drug and Alcohol procedure. Liaise with the HSE OSH Superintendent Contractor Pre Qual to determine if the Contractor's HSE Induction status should be ‘revoked' or placed ‘on watch' as per WC-OSH 038 Branch Manager or
Provide in writing to Snr OSH Consultant Workers Compensation and Health decision Regional Manager or
made about Contractor's suitability to return to site. Alliance Manager
Branch Manager or
If it is agreed that a Contractor will make a return to site, the Contractor's employing entity Regional Manager or
is responsible for arranging their own drug and alcohol assessment and employee Alliance Manager
management plan. The Contracting entity needs to demonstrate a management plan which is of a concurrent standard with WC OSH 209 Alcohol and other Drugs, including participation in post PRINT DATE: 21 OCTOBER 2015 WARNING: DOCUMENT UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED


WC-OSH 209 Alcohol and Other Drugs
Responsible Person
positive random testing at the same frequency and duration. Evidence of negative alcohol and drug tests is required, along with evidence that the Contractor is being regularly tested for alcohol and drugs over a two year period from the first positive test. Branch Manager or
Demonstrate this evidence to the Snr OSH Consultant Workers Compensation and Health Regional Manager or
to ensure the management plan is of a concurrent standard with this procedure. Alliance Manager
Branch Manager or
The employing entity is responsible for all further drug and alcohol testing. All costs for Regional Manager or
further drug testing are at the employing entity's expense and all results are to be kept Alliance Manager
confidential by the employing entity. OSH Capital Works
Any breaches of this procedure will be considered as part of the Contractor's performance with regard to the requirements of the and WC-OSH 024 6.2 Employee Positive Test – Cannabis
Responsible Person
Delegated Manager
The Delegated Manager shall, (with supporting documentation from the Senior HR Advisor), notify the Employee of the positive test result and the following: The employee will be on leave without pay until they are able to make a return to work. Process for making a return to work (outlined in employee return to work actions below). Failure to follow the process for making a return to work within a five day timeframe will result in the employee being invited to a disciplinary meeting, which may result in the non-compliance being deemed a breach of the procedure. At the time of notification the Delegated Manager is to make contact with the Corporation's employee assistance program provider and secure an appointment for the employee's Drug & Alcohol Assessment (PeopleSense ph. 1300 887 724). Shall ensure the employee receives documentation from HR prior to leaving site and a copy of the confirmed test results. Senior HR Advisor
Provide advice and supporting documentation to Delegated Manager on notification of a positive test. Delegated Manager
Make arrangements for employee to get home – they are unable to drive a Water Corporation vehicle and are to be discouraged from driving their own vehicle. Recover security passes and keys. If employee has remote IT access and systems level accounts these are to be locked on an individual leaving site. Employee – return to work
The employee shall undertake the following in order to make a return to work and will remain on leave without pay until these actions are completed. These actions are to be completed within five full working days from the employee receiving notification of a positive test, unless extenuating circumstances can be demonstrated. Participation in a Drug and Alcohol assessment with the Corporation's EAP provider AND recommendations in the form of an Employee Management Plan received by Snr OSH Consultant Workers Compensation & Health. Agreement to participate in structured weekly testing to demonstrate a decline in stored Cannabis. Provide the baseline urine sample with results received within five working days. Provide a negative blood alcohol content (BAC) result on return to work. BAC reading is to be provided by a Corporation breathalyser operator at the time of returning to work. Failure to follow the process for making a return to work within a five day timeframe will result in the employee being invited to a disciplinary meeting, which may result in the non-compliance being deemed a breach of the procedure. In the event of a consequent breach for drugs and alcohol, the employee is required to undertake the above process again if they are to make a return to work. PRINT DATE: 21 OCTOBER 2015 WARNING: DOCUMENT UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED


WC-OSH 209 Alcohol and Other Drugs
Responsible Person
Senior HR Advisor
Shall notify HR payroll of employees leave without pay status in writing. Assess any applications for leave with regard to the recommendations in the Employee Management plan and Drug and Alcohol Assessment report. Assess any requirements to continue decline cannabis testing during leave. Employee – Decline
Shall demonstrate a serial decline in stored cannabis to remain at work. If there is Cannabis Testing
evidence of reuse over this period, a further positive drug test result shall be recorded. Shall comply with the weekly testing dates agreed to in the employee management plan. If unable to comply due to sickness the employee must provide a medical certificate. Failure to attend for testing on the date notified will result in a positive test. Following completion of the structured decline testing program, the employee shall demonstrate their continuing drug and alcohol free status by post positive random testing over a period not exceeding two years from the first positive test result. Senior OSH Consultant
Shall monitor all drug test results to ensure that there is a decline in stored cannabis Workers Compensation &
Employee – Decline
Provision of more than two urine samples that are too dilute to be analysed shall result in Cannabis Testing
the employee being invited to a disciplinary meeting, which may result in the repeated behaviour being deemed a breach of the procedure. Additionally, repeated (more than two) provision of a sample that is unable to be analysed will require the employee to be on leave without pay until a valid sample is provided, in the form of urine. 6.3 Employee Positive Test – Alcohol and other Drugs
Responsible Person
Delegated Manager
The Delegated Manager shall, (with supporting documentation from the Senior HR Advisor), notify the Employee of the positive test result and the following: The employee will be on leave without pay until they are able to make a return to work. Process for making a return to work (outlined in employee return to work actions below). Failure to follow the process for making a return to work within a five day timeframe will result in the employee being invited to a disciplinary meeting, which may result in the non-compliance being deemed a breach of the procedure. At the time of notification the Delegated Manager is to make contact with the Corporation's employee assistance program provider and secure an appointment for the employee's Drug & Alcohol Assessment (PeopleSense Ph. 1300887724). Shall ensure the employee receives documentation from HR prior to leaving site and a copy of the confirmed test results/chain of custody form for positive alcohol results. Senior HR Advisor
Provide advice and supporting documentation to Delegated Manager on notification of a positive test. Delegated Manager
Make arrangements for employee to get home – they are unable to drive a Water Corporation vehicle and are to be discouraged from driving their own vehicle. Recover security passes and keys. If employee has remote IT access and systems level accounts these are to be locked on an individual leaving site. Employee – return to work
The employee shall undertake the following in order to make a return to work and will remain on leave without pay until these actions are completed. These actions are to be completed within five full working days from the employee receiving notification of a positive test, unless extenuating circumstances can be demonstrated. Participation in a Drug and Alcohol assessment with the Corporation's EAP provider AND recommendations in the form of an Employee Management Plan received by Snr OSH Consultant Workers Compensation & Health. PRINT DATE: 21 OCTOBER 2015 WARNING: DOCUMENT UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED WC-OSH 209 Alcohol and Other Drugs
Responsible Person
Receipt of urine test results by the Snr OSH Consultant Workers Compensation & Health indicating a negative result for all drugs. Provide a negative blood alcohol content (BAC) result on return to work. BAC reading is to be provided by a Corporation breathalyser operator at the time of returning to work. Failure to follow the process for making a return to work within a five day timeframe will result in the employee being invited to a disciplinary meeting, which may result in the non-compliance being deemed a breach of the procedure. In the event of a consequent breach for drugs and alcohol, the employee is required to undertake the above process again if they are to make a return to work. Senior OSH Consultant
Shall monitor all drug test results to ensure that test results for drugs are negative. Workers Compensation &
Health

Senior HR Advisor
Shall notify HR payroll of employees leave without pay status in writing. Assess any applications for leave with regard to the recommendations in the Employee Management plan and Drug and Alcohol Assessment report. Employee Management Plan and Post Positive Random Testing
(PPRT)

Responsible Person
Delegated Manager
Shall ensure the Employee is aware that any non-compliance with the agreed actions in the Employee Management Plan may be considered a further breach of WC-OSH 209 Alcohol and Other Drugs. Employee
Shall indicate their willingness to participate in the Employee Management Plan by signing the plan on their return to work. If there is any non-compliance with the agreed actions in the Employee Management Plan the employee will be invited to a disciplinary meeting, which may result in the non-compliance being deemed a breach of the procedure. Employee
Shall utilise the strategies provided in the Employee Management Plan to ensure ongoing fitness for work, including ongoing support from the Employee Assistance Program Provider. Employee
Shall comply with the process of post positive random testing as detailed in the Employee Management Plan and in this procedure. Failure to attend for testing on the date notified will result in a positive test. PPRT will take place in addition to the Corporation's usual random testing cycle. Delegated Manager
On the appointed date, the delegated Manager shall advise the employee in a confidential manner that they are to provide a breathalyser reading immediately and a urine sample within the day. Shall communicate to the employee the requirement to provide a urine sample that is able to be analysed, by not consuming large amounts of water. 1. Urine Screening occurs at a Pathwest facility (Appendix A) and requires a urine chain of custody form, refer toPositive Random Testing. 2. Breathalyser reading occurs with a Water Corporation Competent Breathalyser Operator. Please refer to OSH WaterNet page – Random Drug and Alcohol Testing for a list of qualified operators. Delegated Manager
Shall ensure that if the employee is absent from the workplace due to leave or a rostered day off, PPRT is to occur on the employees next working day. PRINT DATE: 21 OCTOBER 2015 WARNING: DOCUMENT UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED WC-OSH 209 Alcohol and Other Drugs
Responsible Person
Employee
Provision of more than two urine samples that are too dilute to be analysed shall result in the employee being invited to a disciplinary meeting, which may result in the repeated behaviour being deemed a breach of the procedure. Additionally, repeated (more than two) provision of a sample that is unable to be analysed will require the employee to be on leave without pay until a valid sample is provided, in the form of urine. Employee
Any further positive alcohol and drug test results will invoke cessation of the current Employee Management Plan and, if appropriate, participation in a Drug and Alcohol Assessment to develop another Employee Management plan. Disciplinary Standards
All positive test results will follow formal disciplinary procedures. The Employee will receive formal correspondence outlining the outcome of each disciplinary proceeding. Following a first positive test result, the Employee shall be invited to a disciplinary meeting. The Employee
will be provided by the Delegated Manager written correspondence outlining that a positive test result has
occurred and consequences of the result.
A second positive test result shall result in the Employee being invited to a disciplinary meeting. A written
letter, which may be a written warning, will be issued summarising the related breaches made by the
Employee.
A third or subsequent positive test result shall result in further disciplinary action which may include
termination of employment.
Notwithstanding the above and, depending upon the circumstances surrounding a first or second positive
drug or alcohol test (e.g. a Serious Safety Incident), the Senior HR Advisor may recommend issuing a written
warning.
Notwithstanding the above and, depending upon the circumstances surrounding a first or second positive
drug or alcohol test (e.g. a Serious Safety Incident), the Branch OR Regional Manager, in conjunction with
the Senior HR Advisor , may recommend termination of employment to the Group General Manager.
The Water Corporation is required to report the dismissal of any personnel due to positive drug tests to the
CCC.
Recruitment
9.1 Pre-Employment – Labour Hire
Responsible Person
Labour Hire Agency
Shall provide evidence that drug screening has been conducted for all labour hire candidates placed with the Corporation. Hiring Manager
Shall be responsible for verifying that all labour hire candidates placed with the Corporation have passed drug screening prior to commencing duties, evidence should be submitted by the Hiring Manager to the external contractor mailbox. 9.2 Pre-Employment – External Candidates
Responsible Person
Recruitment
Drugs of abuse screening shall be undertaken at the time of recruitment for all individuals applying to join the Water Corporation. This screening is urine based in accordance with Australian Standard AS/NZS 4308:2008. Recruitment
The applicant shall be advised at interview that a drug screen is a required component of the Water Corporation's recruitment process. Only job applicants who return a negative drug test shall be considered for employment. PRINT DATE: 21 OCTOBER 2015 WARNING: DOCUMENT UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED WC-OSH 209 Alcohol and Other Drugs
Responsible Person
Recruitment
No retesting is permitted once a positive drug test has been confirmed. If a job applicant returns a confirmed positive drug test result, a 24 month exclusion period shall apply before they may apply for a subsequent job vacancy with the Water Corporation. Job applicants can request in writing under the Freedom of Information Act for a copy of their drug test results. Results shall only be given in person on receipt of satisfactory proof of identification. Recruitment shall store all results as a confidential record. Recruitment
When a current Contractor applies for a permanent position with the Water Corporation but fails the drug test, that Contractor shall be removed from the workplace. All positive tests are required to be confirmed with the Senior OSH Consultant Workers Compensation prior to proceeding. Recruitment shall advise the relevant Senior HR Advisor of the positive test, who in turn shall advise the Branch or Regional Manager of the requirement to remove the Contractor from the workplace. If a job applicant returns a confirmed positive drug test result, a 24 month exclusion period shall apply before they may apply for a subsequent job vacancy with the Water Corporation. Refer to Section for further actions. 9.3 Internal Recruitment
Responsible Person
Employees
Current Water Corporation employees who apply for internal positions submit their application on the basis that a current employee management plan shall be disclosed to the hiring Manager at the time of referee check. HR - Recruitment
If at the time of referee check for an internal position an employee is currently participating in post positive random testing as part of an employee management plan, the Hiring Manager shall be advised of the employee management plan in order to effectively manage and resource. Line Manager
Disclose current Employee Management Plan at time of referee check. HR - Recruitment
Current Water Corporation employees who apply for internal positions with a previous employee management plan on their file shall not have this disclosed to the hiring Manager at the time of referee check. 10 Records
All records are to be stored by the Senior OSH Consultant Workers Compensation & Health (or delegate) within a secure location in the Corporation's information management systems. These records are only to be accessed by the Senior OSH Consultant Workers Compensation & Health (or delegate). Random testing cycles are to be generated by the Senior OSH Consultant Workers Compensation & Health (or delegate) and stored within a secure location in the Corporation's information management systems. All samples and test results for the testing processes outlined in WC OSH 209 Alcohol and Other Drugs are held and disposed of by the Corporation's external collections contractor in accordance with the relevant Australian Standards and the Privacy Act 1988. 11 Definitions
Description
Blood Alcohol Concentration measured as a percentage of alcohol in the blood. Banned Substance
Any substance banned under the Misuse of Drugs Act 1981 and the Poisons Act 1984. This includes synthetic cannabis and synthetic amphetamines. Chain of Custody
A series of protocols to account for the integrity of each sample by tracking its storage from the point of specimen collection to final disposal. Chain of Custody Form
A form used at the time of collection of the specimen to document collection, handling and storage protocols as per the relevant Australian Standards. PRINT DATE: 21 OCTOBER 2015 WARNING: DOCUMENT UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED WC-OSH 209 Alcohol and Other Drugs
Description
Competent Breathalyser
A Water Corporation employee who has been trained in the use of a Breathalyser unit and Operator
breathalyses on request. Contract Manager
An authorised representative of the Water Corporation (Principal) responsible for selection of a contractor or management of a contract or both. "Contract Manager" includes the Superintendent, Superintendent's Representative, Project Manager, Consultant or Agent. The Contract Manager may not be the same individual throughout the process. Dilute Sample
A urine sample that has a creatine level below the Australian Standard cut-offs for effective analysis. Drug & Alcohol Assessment
A Drug & Alcohol assessment carried out by the Corporation's Employee Assistance provider with any employee who has a positive drug or alcohol test, prior to the employee making a return to work. Drugs of Abuse
Drugs not prescribed by a medical practitioner that are prohibited by law. Employee
Any individual who has entered into a direct contract of employment with the Water Corporation. Employee Assistance
The Water Corporation's confidential counselling service provided free of charge to staff and their Program (EAP)
immediate families. Employee Management Plan
A plan developed by the Employee Assistance Program provider, based on recommendations from the Drug & Alcohol Assessment, with agreed actions to ensure ongoing fitness for work. For Cause Testing
Requires both a breathalyser measure of blood alcohol content and a urine sample for other drugs (including banned substances), as per Appendix D. Initiated in the event of a Serious Safety Incident and/or altered work performance/behaviour. Gas Chromatography Mass
Gas or Liquid Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry. Method used to confirm a drug test to be above Spectrometry (GCMS),
the relevant Australian Standard target concentrations, cut off levels or the nominated or Liquid
concentrations for banned substances. Chromatography/Mass
Spectrometry (LCMS)

General Manager/Alliance
Manager of one of seven operational groups within the Corporation or Alliance Manager of Aroona Alliance or Perth Region Alliance. Immunoassay Test
An initial screening test of a urine or saliva sample provided as per relevant Australian Standard. Results will either be negative or will require confirmation. Liquid Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry Chromatography/Mass
Spectrometry (LCMS)

Negative Result
A result which does not exceed the tolerance level for alcohol or the drug cut off levels, target or nominated concentrations as per Appendix D of this procedure. Other Drugs
Drugs of abuse, banned substances, abuse of prescription drugs and over the counter medications. Positive Test Result
A positive result incurred through a confirmed test result above the relevant Australian Standard cut off levels, target or nominated concentrations as per Appendix D; also incurred through other breaches of this procedure and/or breaches of the requirement of an Employee Management Plan. Possession
For the purposes of this procedure, the term ‘possession' is defined as per the Misuse of Drugs Act 1981 (WA). Post Positive Random
PPRT is random testing of an individual who has breached this procedure and is undertaken without Testing (PPRT)
prior notice to ensure an employee's continuing drug and alcohol free status at work following a positive test result. This testing is in addition to the Corporation's random cycle of testing. PPRT requires both a breathalyser measure of blood alcohol content and a urine sample for other drugs (including banned substances), as per Appendix D. PPRT will be undertaken for a period of two years following a first positive test result or voluntary notification. Random Testing
Testing of a whole site/working group for alcohol and other drugs without prior notice. Random testing will be carried out across all Water Corporation operational workplaces. Random testing requires both a breathalyser measure of blood alcohol content and a saliva sample for other drugs, as per Australian Standard AS 4760 - 2006. All saliva sample collection and testing is to occur with devices and methods that are compliant with Australian Standard AS 4760 – 2006. Referee Specimen
A second container of the collected specimen or additional specimen collected contemporaneously which is sealed at the point of collection and subsequently transported and securely stored at the confirmatory testing laboratory for analysis in the event of a disputed result. Requesting Authority
Water Corporation, including HR and Line Management. PRINT DATE: 21 OCTOBER 2015 WARNING: DOCUMENT UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED WC-OSH 209 Alcohol and Other Drugs
Description
Serious Safety Incident (SSI)
Any OSH incident (an unplanned event that results in or has the potential for injury, ill health, damage or loss) which causes or has the potential to cause serious injury or harm to health. Shall and Should
The word ‘shall' is to be understood as mandatory and the word ‘should' as recommended but non-mandatory. Site Contacts
A person nominated to facilitate the random testing process when the collections contractor arrives on site. Vehicles
A Water Corporation supplied vehicle is considered a workplace for OSH purposes and as such is subject to all health and safety legislation. Workplace
For the purposes of this procedure, the term ‘workplace' includes all areas where work is carried out and includes the activity of driving Water Corporation or hired vehicles during normal hours and after hours. 12 Compliance Mapping
Legislation
Alcohol and Other Drugs Workers' Compensation & Injury Management Act 1981 Occupational Safety & Health Act 1984 (Sections 19 & 20) Freedom of Information Act 1982 Misuse of Drugs Act 1981 Poisons Act 1984 Road Traffic Act 1974 Guidance Notes
Alcohol and Other Drugs at the Workplace: Guidance Note - Worksafe W.A Standards
Australian Standard 3547 - 1997 Breath Alcohol testing devices for personal use Australian Standard 4308 - 2008 Procedures for specimen collection and the detection and quantitation of drugs of abuse in urine Australian Standard 4760 - 2006 Procedures for specimen collection and the detection and quantitation of drugs in oral fluid 13 References
PRINT DATE: 21 OCTOBER 2015 WARNING: DOCUMENT UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED WC-OSH 209 Alcohol and Other Drugs
Document Revision History
26-Nov-03
Draft issued for comment Revision – addition of random testing for alcohol and other drugs. Revision – addition of security clause Breathalyzer attachment has been updated and hyperlinks added to the list of operators. Formatted to highlight roles and responsibilities and sequential flow of procedure Re-write to meet compliance requirements Clarification of notification timeframes for re-use during cannabis decline testing, and made minor formatting changes. Clarifications / changes regarding requesting a copy of results; Breathalyser testing; Participation; Non-participation; Approval for ‘for cause' testing; Employee – Cannabis Decline Testing and Post-Positive Random Testing (PPRT); and Employee Management Plan and Post-Positive Random Testing (PPRT). Refer to MOC # 11181924. Updated to include Role of a Branch/ Regional Manager in response to a Contractor positive RAOD test result. See MOC # 13531882. PRINT DATE: 21 OCTOBER 2015 WARNING: DOCUMENT UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED WC-OSH 209 Alcohol and Other Drugs
Appendix A PathWest Laboratory and Collection Centre Contact
Information
Normal and Outside Normal Business Hours
To locate metropolitan PathWest urine drug screen collection centres, please access the for full details. To locate country PathWest urine drug screen collection centres, please access the for full details. To arrange a collection at Bunbury Pathology or any other country locations without a PathWest lab, please contact the Senior OSH Consultant Workers Compensation & Health (or Delegate) on (08) 9420 2364. PathWest Urine Drug Screening Collection Procedure
Conduct a Facility Check No other accessible source of water in the collection enclosure. Permanent colouring agent in the toilet bowl. All possible adulterant substances removed from the enclosure. Access to the collection enclosure to be restricted to donor and collector only. The collection enclosure is secure with no possibility of sample substitution from outside through windows or doors. Donor Identification The collector shall request donor identification. Where the donor's identification cannot be established unequivocally, then the collector shall not proceed with the collection. Collection Procedure The donor's details (name, DOB, address) shall be recorded on the Chain of Custody Request Form. The donor shall be requested to declare any medication taken in the last ten days and this information recorded on the Chain of Custody Request Form. The donor shall be requested to remove any unnecessary outer garments that may conceal adulterant substances. The collector shall ask the donor to wash hands prior to providing the sample. The collector shall label a specimen container with the donor's name, DOB and date and time of collection. A temperature-recording device shall be placed on the lower half of the specimen container. The donor shall be instructed to over half fill the specimen container. The collector shall don gloves. The collector shall escort the donor to the collection cubicle and wait outside until the sample is collected. After voiding, the donor shall hand the specimen container directly to the collector. The specimen must remain in the sight of both parties until properly sealed. The collector shall again inspect the cubicle in the presence of the donor and note any suspicious findings. A repeat sample shall be requested if adulteration is suspected. The donor shall wash hands. The collector shall measure and record the temperature of the sample on the Chain of Custody Request Form. The reading shall be taken within four minutes of voiding. The acceptable range is 33-38ºC. Should the temperature reading fall outside this range, another reading shall be taken with another temperature monitoring device. Should the temperature still be outside the PRINT DATE: 21 OCTOBER 2015 WARNING: DOCUMENT UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED WC-OSH 209 Alcohol and Other Drugs
Appendix A PathWest Laboratory and Collection Centre Contact
Information
required range, a repeat sample shall be requested. This shall be noted on the Chain of Custody Request form and both samples sent to PathWest Toxicology Laboratory. Immediately after the specimen is collected, the collector shall also inspect the urine specimen to determine its colour and look for any indication of adulterants or diluents. Should adulteration or dilution be suspected, a portion of the sample shall be decanted into another specimen container and this sample tested with a Urine Adulteration Test Strip. Any unusual findings shall be recorded on the Chain of Custody Request Form and a repeat sample will be requested. Both samples shall be sent to PathWest Toxicology Laboratory. Should a split sample be requested, another specimen collection container shall be labelled with the donor's details and half of the original sample decanted into this container. Both samples shall be sent to PathWest under Chain of Custody. A security seal (or seals if there is a split sample) shall be signed by the donor and the collector, dated and placed over the lid of the container(s). The serial number of the security seal shall be placed in the top right hand corner of the Chain of Custody Request Form. If a split sample has occurred, this shall be noted on the Chain of Custody Request Form and serial numbers from both security seals placed on this form. The donor shall read and sign the Test Subject Consent section and this shall be witnessed and signed by the collector. The collector shall then complete and sign the Collection Details section and Sample sent by section of the Chain of Custody Request Form. The specimen(s) and Chain of Custody Request Form(s) shall be placed together in a biohazard bag(s) and kept in a secure place in a refrigerator at 4ºC until transported to the PathWest Toxicology Laboratory. PRINT DATE: 21 OCTOBER 2015 WARNING: DOCUMENT UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED WC-OSH 209 Alcohol and Other Drugs
Appendix B Alcohol and Other Drugs – Urine Drug Screen Chain of
Custody Form (For Cause and PPRT)
PRINT DATE: 21 OCTOBER 2015 WARNING: DOCUMENT UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED WC-OSH 209 Alcohol and Other Drugs
Appendix C Alcohol and Other Drugs – Blood Alcohol Level Test
Request Form
PRINT DATE: 21 OCTOBER 2015 WARNING: DOCUMENT UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED WC-OSH 209 Alcohol and Other Drugs
Appendix D Alcohol/Drug Test Target Concentration Levels AS 4308
(urine) & AS4760 (saliva)
1. SPECIMEN: Breath
Alcohol: 0.00 (tolerance to 0.02) g/100ml 2. SPECIMEN: Urine
Test cut off concentrations in accordance with Australian Standard AS 4308: 2008 Procedures for specimen collection and the detection and quantitation of drugs of abuse in urine. Immunoassay Screening
Confirmatory Screening
Class of Drug
Test target Concentration
Test target Concentration
Levels (µg/L)
Levels ( g/L)
Cannabis metabolites Cannabis metabolites Cocaine Metabolites Cocaine Metabolites Amphetamine type Amphetamine type substances 3. SPECIMEN: Saliva
Test cut off concentrations in accordance with Australian Standard AS 4760: 2006 ‘Procedures for specimen collection and the detection and quantitation of drugs in oral fluid' Immunoassay Screening
Confirmatory Screening
Class of Drug
Test target Concentration
Test target Concentration
Levels (ng/mL)
Levels (ng/mL)
Amphetamine-type Methylamphetamines Cocaine and metabolites NOTE: These targets represent the undiluted oral fluid concentration. 4. Banned Substances
Testing for banned substances can occur using either urine or saliva samples. Nominated concentrations for banned substances are determined by and validated by the testing laboratory, as per AS 4760 and AS4308. PRINT DATE: 21 OCTOBER 2015 WARNING: DOCUMENT UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED WC-OSH 209 Alcohol and Other Drugs
Appendix E Common Over-the-Counter and Prescription Medications
These may result in a positive urine drug screen result.
This list is a guide only; there are other less common brands. Opiates (Codeine/Morphine)
Amphetamine Type
Biotech Cold and flu Biotech Cold and flu Codral Cold and Flu Codeine Phosphat Sinus Pain Relief Daytime/Nightime Lemsip Pharmacy Flu Strength Chemist's own Pain Tablets Chemist's own Phescode Cough suppressant Full sth,Day+ Night Nurofen Cold and Flu Codral dry cough Orthoxicol Cold and Flu Sinus Day + Night Paracetamol/Codeine Tramadol does NOT interfere. PRINT DATE: 21 OCTOBER 2015 WARNING: DOCUMENT UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED WC-OSH 209 Alcohol and Other Drugs
Appendix F Breathalyser Operation – Alcoquant
Team Leader/Manager:
Establish a private area for testing and contact a breathalyser operator to conduct test. Record employee details and consent for testing below. If consent to test is not given, explain non participation is a positive test (Refer Sections and Employee Details and Consent:
Personnel Number: _DOB. _ I consent to blood alcohol determination by breathalyser testing. Breathalyser Operator: 3 tests are to be performed within 15 minutes and results recorded below. Test 15
minutes after any mouth alcohol has been consumed.
I declare that the test results are accurate as per Alcoquant display screen and above recorded results: Signed: _ Print Name: _ Date: (Breathalyser Operator) Signed: _ Print Name: _ Date: Signed: _ Print Name: _ Date: Signed: _ Print Name: _ Date: (Witness – if requested by employee) Team Leader/Manager: If the lowest test result is greater than 0.020, offer the option of a blood test (blood alcohol level) at PathWest provided there is a collection centre within 30 minutes travel. If there is not a PathWest Collection Centre within 30 minutes travel, the breathalyser result shall be deemed final and binding. Breathalyser Operator: Print results if there is a positive result. Refer to instruction on OSH WaterNet page – Random Testing for Alcohol and Other Drugs. PRINT DATE: 21 OCTOBER 2015 WARNING: DOCUMENT UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED WC-OSH 209 Alcohol and Other Drugs
Appendix G Water Corporation For Cause Testing for Alcohol and Other
Drugs Evidence Record
Supervisor Name: Senior HR Advisor : _ Document behavioural or physical signs of alcohol or drug use. Document report from other employees of alcohol or drug use. For all For Cause testing (other than a SSI) document approval received from Branch Manager/Regional Manager. Document your conversations with the employee regarding the requirement of For Cause testing and their response. Document the outcome of initiated For Cause testing. Evidence Record Completed By: _ Position: _Date: _ cc. Senior OSH Consultant Workers Compensation & Health. PRINT DATE: 21 OCTOBER 2015 WARNING: DOCUMENT UNCONTROLLED WHEN PRINTED

Source: https://www.watercorporation.com.au/-/media/files/suppliers/osh/wc-osh-209-alcohol-and-other-drugs-procedure.pdf

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