Metformin in Gestational Diabetes: The Offspring Follow-Up (MiG TOFU)Body composition at 2 years of age ANET A. ROWAN, MBCHB MALCOLM BATTIN, MD that because of continued exposure to nu- LAINE C. RUSH, PHD TRECIA WOULDES, PHD trient excess in utero, the subcutaneous ICTOR OBOLONKIN, BSC WILLIAM M. HAGUE, MD fat stores become overloaded and, thus,the fetus develops leptin and insulin re-sistance and deposits excess nutrients as
Sg brochure (en) 09june2014.inddThe Business
Member of The Bank of East Asia Group About Tricor
Business Services – Tricor Business Outsourcing
Corporate Services – Tricor Evatthouse
Investor Services – Tricor Barbinder
Executive Resources – Tricor Executive Resources
Tricor Group (Tricor), a member of The Bank of East Asia Group, is a global provider of integrated Business, Corporate and Investor Services. As a business enabler, Tricor provides outsourced expertise in corporate administration, compliance and business support functions that allows you to concentrate on what you do best - Building Business. About Tricor
Tricor has built its reputation and professional Our client portfolio includes the majority of expertise through the acquisition of certain companies listed on the Hong Kong Stock practices from major international accounting Exchange, more than 580 companies listed in and professional firms as well as through organic Singapore and Malaysia, over 35 per cent of the growth and development. Tricor offices are located Fortune 500 companies, as well as a significant in Hong Kong (Head Office), Barbados, British share of multinationals and private enterprises Virgin Islands, Brunei, Dubai UAE, India, Indonesia, operating across international markets. Japan, Korea, Labuan, Macau, Mainland China, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, United Kingdom and Outsourcing corporate administration, compliance and business support functions to our specialists removes your company's administrative burden, We are experts in corporate structuring and saves high staff expenditure, provides in-depth advisory functions. Our professional specialists knowledge of intricate rules and regulations, and provide a comprehensive range of services delivers cost effective and efficient management of including: Accounting; China Entry & Consulting; time-sensitive and confidential transactions. Company Formation, Corporate Governance & Company Secretarial; Executive Search & Human Resources Consulting; Initial Public Offerings & Share Registration; Fund, Payroll, Treasury & Trust Administration; and Management Consulting. We use the very latest technologies and systems to deliver to you fast and efficient services, with processes and mechanisms tailor made to your needs. Working closely with our business partners, including international accounting and law firms, leading investment and private banks, and financial and tax advisors, we provide experienced consultancy and develop innovative business solutions, specifically for you. TRICOR SINGAPORE PTE LTD 1
Tricor Singapore Pte. Ltd
Tricor WP Corporate Services Pte. Ltd
Tricor Singapore Pte. Ltd was set up in October On 2 September 2005, Tricor Singapore Pte. Ltd 2004, with the acquisition of parts of the business and WongPartnership LLP, one of the largest law and expertise from PricewaterhouseCoopers, which firms in Singapore, entered into a joint venture had been operating for more than 100 years in arrangement to provide incorporation, corporate Singapore. The business is conducted under the secretarial and share registration services. These divisions of Tricor Barbinder Share Registration services are provided by Tricor WP Corporate Services, Tricor Evatthouse Corporate Services, Services Pte. Ltd, in which both parties hold a Tricor Business Outsourcing and Tricor Executive Resources and has a headcount of more than 250 staff. The joint venture company between Tricor Singapore Pte. Ltd and WongPartnership LLP Our experience gives us a thorough understanding leverages the expertise and resources of both of the markets in which we operate and enables us practices to offer high value added services to our to serve your company with any services you may mutual clients.
need in respect of setting up your operations in Singapore and maintaining it thereafter. An established leader, WongPartnership's reputation as a major provider of regional and Singapore is very well positioned as a base for international legal services in the Asia Pacific foreign businesses to expand into the region. We is forged on the back of its dynamic energy also provide a broad range of advice on doing and ability to respond to their clients' needs. business in the region and our network of offices WongPartnership has over 270 lawyers with may be utilized to provide a similar range of offices in Singapore, Abu Dhabi, Beijing, Doha services throughout Asia. and Shanghai as well as an active South East Asia Practice. The Firm has a twin focus on advisory/transactional work in the areas of finance, corporate and capital markets where it has been involved in landmark mergers and acquisitions and capital markets transactions, as well as complex and high-profile litigation and arbitration matters. The Firm also has specialised practices dealing with corporate governance and compliance, employment, energy and projects, environmental and green economy, intellectual property, media and technology, and restructuring and insolvency. The exceptional nature of its work has drawn recognition from major regional and international commentators, and they have established themselves among the top echelons of the Asian legal world. The collaborative nature of its practices ensures that clients receive the quality of service that is essential in today's competitive and challenging environment.
2 TRICOR SINGAPORE PTE LTD
Tricor CNP Corporate Services Pte. Ltd
Tricor PrimePartners Corporate Services
Tricor CNP Corporate Services Pte. Ltd is a joint venture company between Tricor Singapore Pte. Tricor PrimePartners Corporate Services Pte Ltd ('Tricor Ltd and Colin Ng & Partners LLP (CNP) which PrimePartners') is jointly-owned by Tricor Singapore commenced its operation on 1 September 2008 to Pte Ltd and PrimePartners Corporate Finance Holdings provide corporate services exclusively to clients of Pte Ltd. It leverages on the expertise and resources of both joint venture partners to provide corporate secretarial and corporate administrative services.
The joint venture leverages on the relevant expertise and resources of both joint venture partners to The joint venture offers a comprehensive range of offer comprehensive corporate services to our services that takes companies through their business clients and to provide broader based services of life cycle from incorporation and share registration Tricor Group which include Accounting; Company at the time of establishment, through to corporate Formation, Company Secretarial & Corporate secretarial, accounting and tax, payroll and human- Governance; Executive Search & Selection; Share resource services as companies grow and further Registration; Fund, Payroll, Disbursement & expand their operations. In addition, fund and Trust Administration and Offshore Structuring & treasury administration as well as offshore structuring and consulting services are also available to clients, associates and busines s partners. CNP is an independent Singapore-based law firm with a regional focus, established in 1988. The With our vast resources and well established network firm has established itself amongst the top echelon in the Asia Pacific region, Tricor PrimePartners is well of full-service law firms in Singapore, and its placed to meet the changing needs of international unrelenting commitment to quality work has been business in the new economy.
substantiated by mentions of CNP and various CNP Partners in leading legal publications such as the Our philosophy is to provide an integrated multi- Asia Pacific Legal 500, Global Counsel, Leading discipline and long-term package of corporate Lawyers and AsiaLaw Profiles (amongst others) services to worldwide clients.
as well as the continuing loyalty and support of its many valued clients. CNP is recognized for its expertise in various practice areas, particularly Tricor IAG Fund Administration (Singapore)
Banking & Finance, Corporate & Commercial, Pte. Ltd.
Corporate Advisory, Capital Markets, Dispute Resolution, Real Estate and Intellectual Property and also has an active Private Clients Practice Group.
Tricor IAG is the fund administration part of the Tricor suite of services. Tricor has taken a majority stake in IAG's Asian business. IAG is a Guernsey-headquartered fund administer with over USD23 Billion in assets under administration.
We provide the full range of private equity fund administration services via our limited partnership accounting platform Sunguard Investran from our offices in Singapore and Hong Kong. Services include: Maintenance of investor registers; Preparation of capital call/drawn down notices and managing the call process; Maintenance of bank accounts and processing of payments; Preparation of quarterly reports; Book keeping and the preparation of statutory accounts and managing the audit process; Processing of distributions; Calculation of carried interest; Convening of and attendance at board meetings as company secretary along with preparation of board papers; and Provision of directors for the General Partnership.
TRICOR SINGAPORE PTE LTD 3
Singapore is an established leader in the fields of business and trade. Its strategic location, educated workforce and transparent business environment make it an ideal place to set up operations to service the local, regional or global market place.
4 TRICOR SINGAPORE PTE LTD
The Republic of Singapore is situated at the tip The Singapore economy is based on the principle of the Malayan Peninsula in southeast Asia, and of free enterprise, with no restrictions on foreign consists of the main island of Singapore and some ownership of business or employment of foreign 60 islets. The total land area, including the offshore expertise. There are also no limitations on the islands, is 685.4 square kilometres. The population repatriation of profits and the import of capital. is approximately 4.2 million, of which about 25 per Singapore is one of the most important financial cent are non-Singaporeans. Despite the inherent centres in Asia and is recognized as a global limitations of a small population and lack of natural foreign exchange and derivative centre and one resources, Singapore has established itself as one of of Asia's leading loan syndication centres. Fund the world's top trading nations, and is consistently management, risk/treasury management, stock voted as one of the best locations to set up and market, general debt, venture-capital market, conduct business. insurance and reinsurance, as well as cross-border electronic banking are important parts of Singapore is fast becoming the strategic base to the Singapore economy. access the market place of 500 million people in southeast Asia and 2.8 billion people in Singapore's strategic location, as well as its Asia. Currently more than 6,000 multinational efficient and competitive port facilities, makes corporations and 10,000 small and medium-sized it the world's busiest port in terms of shipping enterprises from around the world have set up base tonnage. Singapore is the world's second in Singapore.
busiest container port. It is also the world's top bunkering port and the third largest oil-refining centre. As an international trading centre, Singapore operates as a free port with virtually no import or export duties on raw materials, equipment or products. Singapore also strives to be a leader in providing top-class healthcare services and a world class info-communication industry. In recent years increased emphasis has been placed on research and development in biotechnology.
TRICOR SINGAPORE PTE LTD 5
Tricor Business Services offers efficient, effective and professional solutions that, in many cases, are more efficient and cost effective than deploying resources and tools in-house. We provide business support quickly and competently, especially for those specialist tasks that require an in-depth knowledge of rules and regulations. Outsourcing to Tricor business support functions such as accounting, payroll and trade services provides real value to your business. We provide answers to issues such as regional skills shortage, obtaining uniform quality of administration throughout your operations and getting experienced support for routine functions while meeting all compliance and governance requirements. We enable you to open offices and start new operations quickly, allowing you to concentrate on your core business. Business Services - Tricor Business
• Accounting & Financial Reporting • Human Resources & Payroll Administration • Cash, Fund & Payment Administration • Other Services 6 TRICOR SINGAPORE PTE LTD
Accounting & Financial Reporting
Cash, Fund & Payment Administration
Growing businesses face the need to ensure that Tricor supports a diverse portfolio of clients their accounting function is effectively and efficiently ranging from small and medium-sized enterprises handled. As decisions are often taken based upon to multinational corporations with cash, fund financial statements and reports, these must be and payment administration services. For smaller accurate and reliable. Our experienced professionals businesses where segregation of duties is an issue, provide extensive practical and technical assistance our services function as additional internal control covering all aspects of the accounting function: of company funds. We offer the following services: • Administration of cash funds deposited with us or in • Bookkeeping and maintenance of accounting your own bank accounts • Cash forecasting and processing of accounts • Provision of customized management reports • Provision of accounting software packages • Account signatory services to arrange settlement of company obligations to suppliers, payroll, employee • Preparation of monthly, quarterly or annual financial expense reimbursements and other fund transfers • Budget preparation and comparisons and analyzes of Other Services
key components of financial performance Others services provided by Tricor include the • Registration for Goods & Services Tax (GST), Central Provident Fund (CPF) and Trade Marks • Assisting with trade documentation • Business advisory services such as accounting reports and preparation of business plans • Filing of Corporate Income Tax and Goods and Services Tax (GST) returns • Systems solutions consisting of a review of existing business operations and suggestions to increase • Members voluntary liquidations • Temporary staff secondments of our accounting professionals to assist over a busy period or for a specific project Human Resources & Payroll Administration
Tricor offers a full range of outsourcing services for the management of payroll, personnel data and employee benefits. Our Asia wide services are fully supported by our in-house computer systems and a dedicated team of professionals.
• Tailored solutions to meet your requirements • Outsourcing services for specific functions or the entire human resources operation, such as payroll payments, provident and retirement funds, tax reporting of remuneration and taxable benefits, payroll history and cash management • Compliance services relating to all reporting requirements of the Inland Revenue of Singapore (IRAS) and Central Provident Fund (CPF) in Singapore (or the equivalent in other jurisdictions) TRICOR SINGAPORE PTE LTD 7
Tricor Evatthouse Corporate Services offers an integrated, tailor made package of corporate services which leaves busy executives of both private and listed companies time to concentrate on their core businesses. Our knowledge and understanding of all statutory, corporate governance and compliance requirements, allows us to take care of both routine and the extraordinary matters efficiently, including local, regional and offshore incorporations, ongoing maintenance and corporate governance, restructuring, corporate advisory, stock option administration, immigration and relocation matters, setting up of personal wealth management structures and more. To assist and advise our clients, we work closely with international CPA/accounting firms, law firms, investment bankers, private bankers, financial and tax advisors in developing the appropriate solutions for their business needs.
Corporate Services – Tricor Evatthouse
• Business Establishment and Registration• Ongoing Maintenance, Administration and Corporate Governance• Listed Companies & Named Company Secretary Services• Liquidation, Dissolution and Cessation of Business• Company and Land Searches• Other Services 8 TRICOR SINGAPORE PTE LTD
Business Establishment and Registration
Ongoing Maintenance, Administration
and Corporate Governance
Tricor Corporate Services includes the establishment of businesses in Singapore and various other Tricor assists you with annual statutory and jurisdictions, including Hong Kong, Bermuda, British regulatory compliance in Singapore and other Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Channel Islands, Isle jurisdictions. Our experts advise on and assist with of Man, Labuan, Macau, Mainland China, Republic all aspects of company administration. We offer of Mauritius, Taiwan and many others. We offer services in a wide range of areas, including the a full range of professional advice and services including the following: • Efficiency review of your company secretariat • Advice on the type of entity to be established and the optimal corporate structure • Advice on best practice and corporate governance • Registration of the legal entity (Singapore company, • Convening, facilitating and attending directors' and branch, representative office, society, charity) shareholders' meetings and preparing chairman's scripts and minutes • Registration of the legal entity in various offshore jurisdictions including Bermuda, British Virgin Islands, • Corporate restructurings Republic of Mauritius, etc. • Alteration of memorandum and articles of • Registration for Goods and Services Tax (GST), association, changes in directors, secretary or Central Provident Fund (CPF) and Trademarks auditors, changes of corporate name, transfers of shares, new issues of shares, rights and bonus • Application for Employment Pass for individuals and issues, repurchase of shares, administration of share families, permanent residence and citizenship option schemes, etc.
• Registration of licenses and permits with various • Provision of registered office/correspondence government departments address, resident secretary, nominee directors and shareholders, authorized representatives, escrow agents, services of process agents, etc.
• Maintenance and advice on the proper maintenance of statutory registers and records • Dealing with stamp duty payments and stamp duty • Stock option administration TRICOR SINGAPORE PTE LTD 9
Listed Companies & Named Company
Liquidation, Dissolution and Cessation of
Tricor offers a comprehensive suite of services We offer expertise in the dissolution of companies. for your company before and after listing, from These services include the withdrawal of restructuring prior to flotation to essential support registration, arranging dormancy of legal entities and outsourcing of functions on listing. Tricor's and the cessation of business. Examples are as highly experienced and qualified executives ensure that all regulatory requirements are met, and may act as Named Company Secretary for you as • Handling of deregistration/striking off of companies required. Our services include the following: and withdrawal of licences • Publication of annual, interim and quarterly results • Applying for dormant company status by Singapore • Handling of share repurchase and issuance • Advising on closing down of companies/branches including attending to calculations of severance • Communicating with the Singapore Exchange payments, etc.
Limited (SGX) and regulatory bodies on transactions and disclosure requirements and preparation of circulars and public announcements • Establishment and maintenance of Registers/Index Books and preparation of all material necessary to comply with the Securities and Futures Ordinance • Handling of other special transactions such as disclosure of notifiable transactions, adoption of share option schemes, bonus issue of shares and warrants, payment of cash and/or scrip dividend, amendment of memorandum and articles of association or bye-laws and changes of corporate structure, etc.
10 TRICOR SINGAPORE PTE LTD
Company and Land Searches
Tricor provides company searches and land Tricor sets up, in close cooperation with tax and searches through our linkage to the systems at legal advisors, personal wealth management the Companies Registry, Land Registry and other structures, including discretionary trusts, unit trusts business systems. We offer the following services: or family trusts, to look after your wealth in a safe and tax efficient manner. Our services include the • Searches of companies and businesses at Accounting & Corporate Regulatory Authority (ACRA) • Arranging for trustees and trust administration services including the ongoing administration and • Searches at Registrar of Societies distribution of trust income and assets • Providing whistle blowing services including the setting up of hotlines and transcribing calls • Business Centre Services including maintaining telephone and fax lines for clients • For public companies, acting as Independent Scrutineers at any voting by poll particularly where the auditors, secretarial advisors, lawyers or share registrars may be conflicted out due to independence concerns TRICOR SINGAPORE PTE LTD 11
Tricor Barbinder has been providing share registration services to public listed companies for nearly 40 years, acting as the Share Registrar and maintaining the Registers of Members. We are one of the largest providers of share registration services in Singapore, representing a significant number of companies listed on the Singapore Exchange Ltd (SGX). We offer a unique one-stop solution for all corporate and investor-related issues and work closely with our clients, law firms, corporate finance consultants, the Singapore Exchange Securities Trading Ltd (SGX-ST) and the Central Depository (Pte) Limited (CDP) on our clients' proposed corporate actions. Investor Services - Tricor Barbinder
• Initial Public Offerings (IPO)• Shareholder Register Maintenance• Shareholder Communications and Intelligence• Corporate Actions 12 TRICOR SINGAPORE PTE LTD
Initial Public Offerings (IPO)
Shareholder Communications and
Tricor Barbinder can assist your company throughout the entire IPO process with a Tricor Barbinder assists with all aspects of comprehensive package of support services. The shareholder communications. We have expertise in scope of our work in an IPO process includes the both statutory communications as well as marketing and corporate communications to shareholders of listed companies. Communications include the • Assistance for your company to arrange for share certificates, and share seal and facsimile signature plates for use on share certificates • Annual reports • Assistance for existing shareholders to lodge their • Interim reports shares into their securities accounts with CDP • Shareholder circulars • Assistance for vendors to deposit and transfer their shares in favour of CDP • Endorsement of moratorium clauses on relevant share certificates in accordance with the prospectus You can rely on Tricor Barbinder's information • Setting up of Registers of Members for your services to provide greater insight into share ownership. Our technical experience as registrar is regularly in demand. • Processing of manual application forms and monies received including reserved and placement share applications Corporate Actions
• Provision of cartridges containing all manual share Tricor Barbinder also provides specialist registration applications to CDP and SGX-ST for crediting services to listed companies undertaking a variety of restructuring projects and corporate actions including the following: Shareholder Register Maintenance
• Scheme of Arrangement We act as share and warrant principal registrars and transfer agents for companies listed on the SGX-ST. • Privatization The scope of our work in the maintenance of the Registers of Members includes the following: • General offer/Cash offer • Registration of share / warrant transfers / splits / • Capital reduction • Mergers and takeovers • Conversion of warrants to shares • Rights or bonus issue • Exercise of share options • Placing or removal of shares • Registration of probate, power of attorney and other related documents • Repurchase and cancellation of shares • Handle of dividend payments • Deal with enquiries from shareholders and the TRICOR SINGAPORE PTE LTD 13
Tricor Executive Resources, established and staffed by senior consultants who were previously with the PricewaterhouseCoopers Singapore search and selection team, maintains an unrivalled track record for integrity and professionalism, based on providing the highest quality search and selection services executed by experienced consultants with specialist resources and expertise.
• Executive Search & Selection• HR Advisory Services 14 TRICOR SINGAPORE PTE LTD
Executive Search and Selection
Our specialist team of consultants provide a range of practical and innovative solutions to help you • Executive Search source the right talent to meet your business objectives. We measure our results by the success A comprehensive headhunting service where of the candidates we place and our long-term focused research, intense sourcing and a targeted relationships with our clients.
approach are used to identify qualified candidates within the appropriate industry sector.
At Tricor the distinctive features of our service • Executive Selection • Breadth of management knowledge and specialist Candidates are generated from advertising, in local information to assist in the selection of key and regional media, as well as our comprehensive database of candidates, and through our extensive network in the market. • Up-to-date and relevant intelligence on the recruitment market across many industries and • International and Cross-border Recruitment Appointment of executives for positions to be • A team of professional consultants with based in Singapore and throughout the region strong business orientation and well-rounded are identified locally and overseas. We are able to management experience identify and recommend individuals who are willing to relocate to countries in the region.
• Expertise in market availability and remuneration levels in Singapore Our proven track record includes international and cross-border recruitment for positions throughout • A proven history of developing strategic long-term the region. We are experienced in the appointment relationships through meticulous attention and of senior executives (Managing Directors, General professionalism at every stage of the recruitment Managers, Chief Operating Officers etc) as well as line managers and department heads for a wide range of industries and functional disciplines.
• Flexibility in providing a combination of targeted search and selection services to meet your corporate needs HR Advisory Services
In addition to search and selection, we also offer related HR advisory services, including organization review advice, salary and benefit advice, outplacement and career counselling, preparation of job descriptions, and psychometric testing.
TRICOR SINGAPORE PTE LTD 15
(TRICOR GROUP HEAD OFFICE)
Tricor Singapore Pte Ltd
SKP Tricor Corporate Services Pvt Ltd
Tricor Services Limited
(91) 11 2242 8454 Fax: (91) 11 2242 8455 Fax: (852) 2861 0285 PT Amalgamated Tricor
Tricor Caribbean Limited
Caribbean Corporate Services Ltd
Fax: (62) 21 574 1188 Fax: (246) 429 6446Email: [email protected] BRITISH VIRGIN ISLANDS
Tricor Services (BVI) limited
Fax: (81) 3 4580 2701 Fax: (284) 494 6404Email: [email protected] Tricor (B) Sdn Bhd
International Outsourcing Inc.
(673) 223 2780 / 1 / 2 Fax: (673) 223 2783 Fax: (82) 2 796 7181 Email: [email protected] DUBAI UAE
Tricor Trustco (Labuan) Ltd
Tricor Praesidium Limited
(60) 87 453 288 / 87 443 118 / Fax: (971) 4 358 7315 Fax: (60) 87 441 288 / 87 451 288 Tricor Services (Macau) Limited
SKP Tricor Corporate Services Pvt Ltd
Fax: (853) 2878 8021 (Corporate Offi ce)
(91) 20 6720 3800 Fax: (91) 20 6720 3820 TRICOR Consultancy (Beijing) Limited
SKP Tricor Corporate Services Pvt Ltd
(86) 10 8587 6818 (91) 44 6555 9959 Fax: (86) 10 8587 6811 Fax: (91) 44 6555 9959 TRICOR Consultancy (Beijing) Limited -
SKP Tricor Corporate Services Pvt Ltd
(91) 40 2338 6912 / 40 2338 6913 (86) 21 6391 6893 Fax: (86) 21 6391 6896Email: [email protected] SKP Tricor Corporate Services Pvt Ltd
(91) 22 6617 8000 TRICOR Consultancy (Beijing) Limited -
Fax: (91) 22 6617 8002 (86) 755 8246 0282 Fax: (86) 755 8246 0332Email: [email protected] 16 TRICOR SINGAPORE PTE LTD
Tricor Services (Malaysia) Sdn Bhd
Tricor Outsourcing (Thailand) Limited
(Corporate Offi ce)
Tricor Executive Recruitment Limited
Fax: (60) 3 2282 2733 Fax: (66) 2 286 4130 / 2 286 2020 Tricor Corporate Services Sdn Bhd
Tricor Investor Services Sdn Bhd
Tricor Services Europe LLP
Fax: (60) 5 545 9222 (44) 020 3216 2000 Fax: (44) 020 3216 2002Email: [email protected] Johor Bahru
Tricor Corporate Services Sdn Bhd
Tricor Investor Services Sdn Bhd
Ho Chi Minh City
Tricor Vietnam Company Limited
Fax: (60) 7 332 8096 (84) 8 3997 2055 Fax: (84) 8 3999 0090Email: [email protected] (60) 88 231 790 / 88 254 252 Fax: (60) 88 266 842Email: [email protected] Fax: (60) 82 480 055Email: [email protected] Tricor Corporate Services Sdn Bhd
Fax: (60) 6 281 5332Email: [email protected] Tricor Corporate Services Sdn Bhd
Fax: (60) 4 226 8318Email: [email protected] Tricor Corporate Services Sdn Bhd
Fax: (60) 6 762 9693Email: [email protected] TRICOR SINGAPORE PTE LTD 17
Business Enabler The Business Enabler of choice Member of The Bank of East Asia Group Copyright 2014 Tricor Services Limited. All rights reserved.
Detection of Chronic Kidney Disease* using eGFR (estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate) Why are we changing from Cockcroft-Gault eGFR to MDRD eGFR? The Cockcroft-Gault formula and Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) formula are both equations to derive an estimated creatinine clearance based on clinical and laboratory parameters. The Cockcroft-Gault formula requires a weight for the calculation and this means it cannot be generated by the labs. Weight can also be problematic as an ideal, rather than an actual body weight should be used. Using the actual weight, in people with BMI above ideal can result in over estimation of serum creatinine. The MDRD eGFR, which does not require a weight is likely to be closer, if not slightly underestimate creatinine clearance. The MDRD equation is more easily automated by the labs.